CA2REPLUS / Books

Design Driven Doctoral Research STRATEGIES

The first CA2RE+ book will discuss and identify the long-term development goals and potentials of Design-Driven Doctoral Research. It will situate DDDr in an academic context of research. This will address research done within the proliferating field of research-by-design. The book will however also discuss DDDr in the broader context of explorative and constructive research within the humanities, social sciences and relevant areas of technical research.

The STRATEGIES book will examine the potential of DDDr to build bridges between academic research and professional creative practices. How can DDDr contribute to the understanding of creative processes that deals with ‘wicked problems’ and undefined outcomes? How can design-driven research contribute to better design processes and better design solutions?

As a recently established research field, DDDr will examine the current status of how research questions are articulated or discovered, how research methodologies are created, how supervision takes place and how evaluation is carried out. The book will identify good practices as well as methodological gaps to be further explored and developed through the second and third CA2RE+ books. The book will also examine DDDr in the context of national academic research frameworks. It will identify examples, practices and conditions in local research traditions to explore qualities and potentials. It will discuss how the community and shared supervision model of CA2RE+ can build and expand on these traditions with the aimed of strengthened collaborations build on respect for local identities.

The Strategy book will introduce DDDr on different levels: from international perspectives, from national contexts as well as from the individual research. The plural STRATEGIES in the title of the book is understood on several planes. It will seek for elements of innovation in DDDr in a broad academic and professional context; it will look for ways to learn from local research traditions and how the CA2RE+ network can support and impact back on these traditions. It will also look for specific strategies that doctoral fellows and supervisors engage in developing design-driven research in fruitful ways.

The book will build on presentations and discussions from the first two CA2RE+ intensive study programmes that focus on OBSERVATION and SHARING. It will contain contributions from doctoral fellows, supervisors and administrators from the eleven partners in CA2RE+. It will include contributions by external reporters and guests, who will provide overall views of research, external perspective, general reflections on the relevance of what they experience as invitees to the presentation. It will contain examples of PhD work, aimed to give specific examples of their research findings, methodologies and contributions.


Design Driven Doctoral Research EVALUATION

The second CA2RE+ book will discuss and identify questions, challenges and potentials relating to processes and procedures of evaluation in Design-Driven Doctoral Research. It will develop this topic by addressing and reflecting on presentations and experiences identified at the CA2RE+ events. It will build on the diagnostics and examples of the first CA2RE+ book. It will also discuss evaluation in a more comprehensive academic perspective with comparisons and references to how other research fields within the humanities and the social and technical sciences evaluate research to ensure quality and relevance.

The EVALUATION book will examine the concept of evaluation in the framework of DDDr. The explorative and creative nature of this type of research often results in singular or even subjective research contributions. This nature raises challenges to setting up transferable and transparent evaluation procedures. But it also creates opportunities to compare, exchange and learn from other fields of research. More articulated evaluation procedures furthermore hold the potential to contribute to a better understanding of the value and relevance of design processes.

The EVALUATION book will discuss the concept of evaluation in DDDr from different perspectives. It will contribute to the development of more transparent and rigorous evaluation procedures within the fields of creative, artistic, design-driven and practice-based research and help the young research field to mature. It will unfold this in a broader academic context. The book will provide a framework that allows doctoral fellows, supervisors and administrators to understand the scope and aim of DDDr better. It will provide perspectives on national assessment procedures and criteria and how DDDr can adapt to local differences. The book will also offer insight to evaluation from the standpoint of the individual doctoral fellow. It will provide examples of how doctoral fellows set up research processes to evaluate the outcome of their design-driven research.

The book will primarily build on presentations and discussions from the third and fourth CA2RE+ intensive study programmes focusing on COMPARISON and REFLECTION. It will contain contributions from doctoral fellows, supervisors and administrators from the eleven partners in CA2RE+. It will include contributions by external reporters and guests, who will provide overall views of research, external perspective, general reflections on the relevance of what they experience as invitees to the presentation. It will contain examples of PhD work, aimed to give specific examples of their research findings, methodologies and contributions.


Design Driven Doctoral Research FRAMEWORK

The third CA2RE+ book will collect and contextualise the findings of the CA2RE+ network. It will present conclusions and forward trajectories. It will establish DDDr in the growing field of research-by-design and identify contributions and parallels with a broader area of related academic fields.

The FRAMEWORK book offers a reformulation of the methodology of design-driven research, along with guidelines and recommendations for the introduction, evaluation, and development of design-driven doctorate programs, based on the design-driven doctorates that have been undertaken at universities and investigated during the CA2RE+ Strategic Partnership events. Overall, FRAMEWORK offers an initial assessment of the project as a whole and, from this assessment, develops a guide for design-driven doctorates in the context of collective learning environments in the design disciplines, as well as other academic fields, such as the social sciences and the humanities.

The authors of the third book, FRAMEWORK, reflect on and review the experiences and findings of the CA2RE network with the following goals, depending on the respective target group: For PhD students, the book outlines the conditions and prospects of structured, multidisciplinary, and international research in the context of doctoral studies. For supervisors, it makes recommendations on the supervision and evaluation of design-driven research methods. For decision-makers at universities, in administration, and politics, it offers suggestions for the introduction, implementation, and evaluation of design-driven research methods.

The book will build on presentations and discussions from all the six CA2RE+ intensive study programmes in Ghent, Trondheim, Milan, Hamburg, Ljubljana, and Delft. It will focus mainly on the last two events with the topics ‘Reformulation’ and ‘Recommendation’. The book will supplement this material with the multimedia database and the two previously published books, STRATEGIES and EVALUATION.

The book will contain contributions from doctoral fellows, supervisors and administrators from the eleven partners in CA2RE+. It will include contributions by external reporters and guests, who will provide overall views of research, external perspectives, general reflections on the relevance of what they experience as invitees to the presentation. The book’s authors will reflect on their recommendations and compare them with those of other authors in the relevant literature. Finally, the book will contain examples of PhD work, aimed to give specific examples of their research findings, methodologies and contributions.